Engineer the fear— Whatdolknow2 (@earstohearyou2) January 24, 2023
Indoctrinate the masses
Steal, maim, lie, hide, control, destroy, divide....
What is the purpose? Do you know? pic.twitter.com/cBnrz7KLvS
Engineer the fear— Whatdolknow2 (@earstohearyou2) January 24, 2023
Indoctrinate the masses
Steal, maim, lie, hide, control, destroy, divide....
What is the purpose? Do you know? pic.twitter.com/cBnrz7KLvS
Source Article: https://www.propilotmag.com/5g/
By Owen Davies (Contributing Writer)
Recently, we tried to cut through the babble about 5G, look at actual data, and figure out how troublesome it really is for aviation. (See Pro Pilot, April 2022, p 8). Since then, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has doubled down on blaming its victims, ordering avionics makers to bring their “defective” radar altimeters up to a standard of signal discrimination required in no other country. However, that is not our topic here. This time, we will look at what electromagnetic fields (EMFs) may be doing – not to your equipment, but to you.
Many hundreds of scientific studies have linked radio frequency EMFs to serious medical issues.
They include DNA damage, rare brain cancers, including glioma and acoustic neuroma, salivary tumors, heart disease, diabetes, sperm abnormalities, reduced volumes of the brain’s gray matter and damage to white matter, neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression, and even very early onset Alzheimer’s disease.
The list seems to grow almost daily. This may be significant to pilots. Nina Anderson, a retired corporate pilot who has built a second career as a respected consultant specializing in EMF issues, reports that jet cockpits are the most EMF-dense environments she has ever examined. Every flight instrument and radio contributes its share.
We should note that all findings of a link between EMFs and health are disputed. For every study showing that electromagnetic fields subvert biological systems, scientists funded by the telecommunications industry can provide one to refute it, plus an explanation of why the other research was methodologically flawed or otherwise invalid.
They do so routinely. Anderson has little sympathy for them. A similarity to the tobacco industry may have been mentioned. Nonetheless, since the 1990s, the great preponderance of independent evidence has shown that exposure to EMFs has medical consequences. A lot more supporting data has been added since then.
What has changed
Nature exposes all life to EMFs. Most forms are weak, and distributed over a wide range of frequencies. The sun’s ultraviolet light causes burns and skin cancers, and contributes to skin aging.
As far as we know, natural EMFs are otherwise harmless. Technology is different. The EMFs our artifacts create are stronger than most natural fields, and we marinate in them 24/7. Their frequencies are often well suited to couple with biological processes. They’re also polarized, where natural EMFs are not.
This can greatly amplify their biological effects. EMF sources abound in our homes and workplaces – even on the street. Wi-Fi, Bluetooth devices, computers, microwave ovens, “smart” electric meters, and the inverters that turn DC electricity from solar panels to 120V AC, all generate EMFs at varying frequencies and power.
A single fluorescent light can add high-frequency voltage spikes to electricity that arrived “clean.” Turn off all these devices, and we still would receive EMFs from our neighbors – especially in apartments – and when passing cellphone towers. In the years ahead, we will experience even more EMFs.
Devices connected to the “Internet of things” pass data and control signals back and forth wirelessly almost constantly. Estimates vary, but they could be 30 to 50 billion of them by 2025. In time, their “electrosmog” will fill the air as London’s pea-soup fogs did in the age of coal.
Why 5G matters
Cellphones are a particular concern because they broadcast next to our ears at frequencies that in recent generations can extend into the microwave range. And in all but the most rural areas, tower transmissions are with us always. Each new generation of phones carries more data faster than the last by transmitting at higher frequencies.
4G phones, for example, operate at 2.5 GHz microwave frequencies. 5G
extends to 39 GHz. And generations up to 8G are already under
development. The good news is that the electrical component of
high-frequency EMFs penetrates barely 1 mm into the body. (COMCAST SAYS IT IS USING 10G in 2023)
The bad is that it couples to biological processes much more efficiently than phone transmissions used to, and nothing keeps their magnetic component at bay. There is more. Buildings block 5G signals, so many more transmitters are needed to serve an urban area. They also use beam forming to aim all their power in one direction rather than omnidirectionally, as previous cell technologies have done.
Standing in a 5G beam at a given distance subjects us to much more powerful electromagnetic radiation than 4G did – and, because there are more transmitters, we have more opportunity for exposure. Telecoms point out that no one has ever shown that 5G transmissions harm human health, and this is true.
The technology is so new that no one has had time to carry out the necessary studies. Yet, even for 4G, the data is compelling. As long ago as 2009, neurosurgeon Vini G Khurana at the Australian National University, and colleagues in Australia, Austria, and Sweden, reviewed long-term epidemiologic studies of cell phones and brain cancer.
They found that using a cell phone for 10 years or more doubled the risk of glioma and acoustic neuroma, but only on the side of the head where users held their phones. In Malta, researchers studied the incidence of glioblastoma multiforme, the rare brain cancer scientists have long suspected might be linked to the use of cell phones.
From 2008 through 2017, the number of people who had used cell phones for 10 years or more, when excess cancers are considered most likely to appear, was rising fast. Medical records showed an obvious trend. In 2008, there were only 0.73 cases per 100,000 population.
Ten years later, there were 4.49 per 100,000. Something might have caused this other than the growing use of cell phones, but no credible alternative has been suggested. Moreover, researchers at the Yale School of Public Health reported in 2020 on genetic variations that predispose people to develop thyroid cancer.
Heavy cell phone use more than doubled the risk of thyroid cancer in those with any of four such variations. Professional critics can find ways to trash any inconvenient research. For the rest of us, the picture should be clear.
The bottom line
EMFs can affect us in ways that are especially important in the air. Known effects that appear within the duration of an average flight include fatigue, irritability, an inability to concentrate, and mild cognitive impairment resulting in task saturation, mistaken priorities, complacency, and spatial disorientation. Between 1993 and 2013, US Air Force pilots were involved in 72 severe accidents attributed to spatial disorientation.
The incidents resulted in 101 deaths and 65 aircraft lost. The possibility that electromagnetic fields were to blame concerned the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) enough that in October 2020 it initiated a 2-year project called Impact of Cockpit Electro-Magnetics on Aircrew Neurology (ICEMAN).
ICEMAN appears to have been dormant for some 20 months, but in May DARPA issued a $371,000 grant to Spotlight Labs, specialists in human factors analytics in Haddonfield NJ, and Norwich University in Vermont. Engineers there will use 5 workstations to simulate EMF in the cockpit of an F-16 and identify any effects on experienced F-16 pilots.
ICEMAN has $1.5 million in total funding and is scheduled to last 3 years. A hint of what ICEMAN could find comes from the International Association of Fire Fighters. As early as 2004, the organization published a resolution stating that it did not want telecom infrastructure located near fire stations.
The issue came up when firefighters in Santa Barbara responding to emergencies could not remember such basic information as where they were going or how to administer CPR. The problem affected those operating from stations with cell towers nearby.
According to Dr Gunnar Heuser, now retired from the UCLA Medical Center Department of Medicine, brain scans showed changes in their gray and white matter.
Regulators and advisory bodies have been remarkably unmoved by all this evidence. A few decades ago, the only known hazard of radio frequency (RF) signals was excessive heating: when powerful enough, RF can warm tissues like a microwave oven. Emissions were known to cause corneal damage in this way, and FCC regulations were designed to prevent that kind of injury.
They have remained unchanged since 1977. Independent researchers say that emissions are 10 to 100 times higher than they should be. The official positions of nearly all regulators and medical bodies match that of the telecom industry exactly. FCC, FDA, and even the National Cancer Institute declare, in FCC’s words, “At relatively low levels of exposure to RF radiation, ie, levels lower than those that would produce significant heating, the evidence for production of harmful biological effects is ambiguous and unproven.”
The World Health Organization (WHO) concurs. Yet, one government body does not. In 2019, the New Hampshire state legislature created a commission to study the environmental and health effects of evolving 5G technology. It reported in November 2020 that 5G signals unambiguously couple with biological processes in ways that cause health problems.
The commission also concluded that regulators and advisory bodies had been captured by the telecoms they were supposed to police. They had cause to believe it.
A new case report on two previously healthy men who developed “microwave syndrome” symptoms after a 5G cell tower was installed on the roof of their office, and a similar report published last month, show that non-ionizing 5G radiation can cause health problems in people with no prior history of electromagnetic sensitivity.
A new case report shows that two previously healthy men rapidly developed typical “microwave syndrome” symptoms shortly after a 5G cell tower was installed on the roof of their office.
According to the report, published Feb. 4 in the Annals of Clinical Case Reports, the men experienced headaches, joint pain, tinnitus, abnormal fatigue, sleep disturbances, burning skin, anxiety and trouble concentrating.
The findings match the results of a similar case report published last month in the same journal — that appeared earlier in the Swedish journal Medicinsk Access — showing a previously healthy man and woman developed similar microwave syndrome symptoms soon after a 5G tower was installed on top of their apartment.
In first study of its kind, Swedish researchers found #5G radiation causes typical symptoms indicative of “microwave syndrome.” Study also confirmed that non-ionizing radiation — well below levels allowed by authorities — can cause health problems.https://t.co/AuYgHsKykA
— Robert F. Kennedy Jr (@RobertKennedyJr) March 13, 2022
Both reports show that non-ionizing radiation from 5G — well below levels allowed by authorities — can cause health problems in individuals who had no prior history of electromagnetic sensitivity (EMS).
The two reports appear to be the first studies in the world on the health effects in humans from exposure to 5G, according to the authors.
The case reports’ lead author, Dr. Lennart Hardell — a world-leading scientist on cancer risks from radiation — said the two reports are “groundbreaking” because they serve as the “first warning of a health hazard.”
Just the ‘tip of the iceberg’
Hardell told The Defender the two case studies are likely just “the tip of the iceberg” when it comes to 5G’s impact on people’s health.
Because research on the health effects of exposure to 5G is lacking, Hardell said, we don’t know how many people get sick from 5G.
Mona Nilsson — managing director of the Swedish Radiation Protection Foundation and co-author of the case reports — said it was a “great scandal” that “5G has been rolled out for several years now in Sweden and in the U.S. without any study at all being performed about the health effects.”
5G impacts many organ systems
In the January case report, telecommunication companies replaced a 3G/4G cell tower with a 5G tower on the roof directly above the apartment of a healthy man and woman, ages 63 and 62.
Days after the 5G tower was installed, the two residents began developing acute physical symptoms, causing them to move out.
The residents’ physical symptoms quickly decreased or disappeared when they moved to a building with much lower radiation levels.
Measurements taken in their apartment showed extremely high levels of non-ionizing radiation throughout the apartment. The maximum value measured was more than 2,500,000 microwatts — the highest maximum value that the meter used can measure — so the actual radiation may have been even higher, Hardell and Nilsson said.
The report’s findings contradict assurances from the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority that the amount of radiation a cell tower emits is relatively below, behind or above the tower, she added.
The February report discussed the experiences of two men, ages 57 and 42, when a 3G/4G tower was replaced with 5G equipment on the roof of their office where they worked as information technology and management consultants and sometimes slept.
The men displayed symptoms shortly after the 5G tower was installed and chose to relocate — at which point their symptoms lessened or disappeared.
Hardell and Nilsson measured a maximum of 1,180,000 microwatts (μW/m2) in the men’s office.
Both case reports utilized the classic “provocation test” design which is “extremely important in medicine,” Hardell said because it clearly shows the symptoms that occur when a person is exposed to something — such as an allergen or drug or new radiation level.
Commenting on the findings, Hardell said he found it interesting that 5G appears to act as a “fundamental biological mechanism” because it affects “so many organ systems.”
“How is it explained that you get cognitive effects, heart palpitations, sleep problems and so on?” he said.
The individuals in the case reports had no history of EMS, so they were not “primed” to suspect 5G might be causing their illness, Hardell added.
Reports pave way for accurate classification of 5G health risks
This type of research is pivotal in getting the ball rolling toward the appropriate regulatory classification of 5G as posing human health risks, according to Hardell.
In 2011, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) as “possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B).” And in January, the IARC announced it will “coordinate production of a risk assessment on 5G exposures” scheduled to be released in 2025.
Meanwhile, Hardell and Nilsson are already conducting their third case report on the health effects of 5G on humans and hope to publish it next month.
While their first two reports focused on the health effects associated with living underneath a 5G tower, they told the Defender their next case report will document the health effects experienced by individuals living across the street from a tower.
Nilsson said they have already obtained a measurement of 2.5 million microwatts — “which is the top level that our meter can measure” — at 60 meters away from the tower, so people living within that range of a tower may be affected by radiation.
Hardell emphasized that case reports can have a big impact over time. “It [5G] reminds me of my studies on phenoxy herbicides and dioxins — all started with case reports,” Hardell said.
RF-EMF guidelines are industry-friendly, not based on science
The International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) is a private non-governmental organization registered in Munich, Germany, that “managed to get collaborative status” with the World Health Organization to “harmonize the RF-radiation guidelines all over the world,” Hardell said in a 2021 review article.
According to Hardell, ICNIRP appoints its own members and is closed to transparency.
ICNIRP has published only three articles with guidelines on RF-EMF exposure, he said.
“Only thermal (heating) effects from RF radiation are recognized, thereby excluding all studies showing harmful effects at lower non-thermal intensities,” Hardell said.
Brooks Agnew – I don’t think there are many people who missed the series of events in Turkey. On February 4th, the USS Nitzi arrived in Turkey. It carries more than 100 cruise missiles and a special electromagnetic weapon known as HAARP. This model is not intended for weather control. It is intended as a tectonic weapon. If the geological faults are under tension, which they almost always are, HAARP has the capability of finding and inducing resonant waves that will build up in energy over a series of hours or days until that tension is suddenly released.
The same day the USS Nitzi arrived, Turkish Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu issued an angry statement on to US Ambassador to Ankara Jeffry Flake, demanding: “Take your dirty hands of Turkiye.”
According to Haberturk newspaper, Soylu added: “Every US ambassador who arrives in Turkiye is hurrying to find out how to make a coup possible in Turkiye.”
Addressing current US Ambassador Flake, Soylu asserted: “I address the US ambassador from here. I know the journalists you made write articles. Take your dirty hands off Turkiye. I’m being very clear.”
In other accusations to the US ambassador, the Turkish interior minister stated: “I very well know how you would like to create strife in Turkiye. Take your grinning face off from Turkiye.”
“Every US ambassador asks themselves how they can harm Turkiye. It has been one of Turkiye’s greatest misfortunes for years. They gather other ambassadors and try to give them advice. They do the same in Europe as US embassies run Europe,” Soylu noted in response to the US Embassy’s recent warning to its citizens in Turkiye against the danger of terrorist attacks in Istanbul. This came in a statement published by Western countries’ embassies. Some countries issued separate statements but relied on the direct US warning.
The Global Media Empire would have us believe that the Interior Minister was referring to a US Embassy’s statement was issued last week in light of radical right-wing individuals burning copies of Qurans in Europe. It was not what he was referring to. He was referring to the arrival of the USS Nitzi to use HAARP against them.
Western countries had been secretly briefed on what was coming, so they immediately closed their consulates in Istanbul for “security reasons” and in anticipation of the attack including Germany, the Netherlands and the UK. On Friday, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu considered some Western countries’ decision to temporarily shut their consulates without discussing it with Ankara as “deliberate”.
“Why did they close their doors? They say there’s a terrorist threat. Now if there’s a terrorist threat, shouldn’t they – especially if they are allies – tell us where this threat originated from?” Cavusoglu asked.
For weeks, the WEF has been terroristically threatening Turkey that if they did not stop trying to broker peace in Ukraine, they would suffer a terror attack.
Cavusoglu denied any concrete information-sharing with Turkiye by the Western countries, accusing them of only thinking of their own interests. He added that the ambassadors of these countries were summoned to inform them of this.
These incidents caused diplomatic tensions between Turkiye and certain European countries, especially Sweden, which witnessed the burning of a Quran in front of the Turkish embassy. The latter stopped a tripartite meeting to discuss Stockholm joining the NATO alliance.
I know many of you have seen the videos of the attack. I showed them to you last Wednesday. Thousands of posts have gone viral with the excerpt from my demonstration of HAARP in the 1997 documentary called Holes in Heaven. VIDEO
I never thought when I made that documentary, directed by Wendy Robbins, that it would have been seen by so many people. I think you for that, but then everything we do will eventually affect the universe. I am glad that the world is now aware that there is such a weapon.
It breaks my heart that more than 20 thousand innocent people have been killed by cracking the ground open from Turkey to Syria without leaving so much as a fingerprint.
Civilian and news cameras captured the clear night sky igniting with electrical discharges as HAARP reached its peak power. Within seconds, the ground began violently shaking while thousands of buildings came crashing down on the people. The crack that opened up is 650 feet wide and more than 100 feet deep and stretches all the way to Syria.
The news actors are trying to make us believe that triggering an earthquake is impossible to prove. You are wrong, Joe Biden. We have the proof. You will burn in hell for what you have done. Turkey is no longer our ally, thanks to you. There are dozens of nuclear warheads in Turkey that are now in the hands of leader who is red with rage right now. Joe, you have put America in harm’s way just to cover your crimes and to follow the orders of the Global Syndicate.
SF Source Brooks Agnew Feb 2023
I lived in Kennewick and Richland - it may be where I killed my own thyroid. It certainly has killed people who LIVED and worked there.
My grandfather Ed and his daughter, my adoptive mom Edie, worked at Hanford - and lots of other relatives.
In the Middle Ages, alchemists sought to convert what they called base metals like lead into precious metals like gold. They always failed. Converting one element into another element requires tools far more powerful than those available to the medieval alchemists.
The first place in the world where large-scale alchemy occurred was on a windswept plain in south-central Washington State. There, at a site now known as the Hanford nuclear reservation, scientists and engineers constructed the first devices capable of converting, in quantity, one element into another. But these modern alchemists were not turning lead into gold. They were creating a new element, discovered just a few years previously, that is needed to make atomic bombs.
Today, most people know relatively little about Hanford. During World War II, when Hanford was built, and in the Cold War that followed, Hanford was shrouded in secrecy. People who worked there—like my grandfather, who was a steamfitter at Hanford—could not tell anyone what they did at their jobs. Even today, though the site is now part of a newly created national park, an air of secrecy still clings to the place, as if the era of Cold War spies had never ended.
That needs to change. In my Speakers Bureau talk, “Atomic Washington: Our Nuclear Past, Present, and Future”, which is based on my book The Apocalypse Factory: Plutonium and the Making of the Atomic Age, I argue that Hanford is in fact the single most important place in the nuclear era. If Hanford had not been built, the United States probably would not have had atomic bombs by the end of World War II. Today, every nuclear weapon in the U.S. arsenal contains a trigger about the size of your fist made of the material manufactured at Hanford. And the ongoing cleanup of the site provides the world with a warning of the difficulties it will face if it opts for a nuclear-powered future.
Of the three sites in the Manhattan Project National Historical Park—Oak Ridge in Tennessee, Los Alamos in New Mexico, and Hanford, in eastern Washington State—the latter is where the physical, the personal, and the political meet most starkly. Hanford represents one of humanity’s greatest intellectual achievements. It also embodies a moral blindness that could destroy us all. People have begun to realize, after decades of warnings, that climate change poses a severe threat to our species. Yet they blithely overlook the fact that human civilization could end in an afternoon if the leaders of the nuclear states were to unleash the force that Hanford has placed in their hands.
“The B Reactor has been called a cathedral to twentieth-century science. But if so, it is a cathedral to a direful god.”
It’s not easy to get to the National Park site at Hanford. You have to go to Richland, Washington, and board a bus at a visitor center on the outskirts of town. That bus will take you, usually accompanied by a docent engineer who used to work at Hanford, 30 miles through the desert, to a bend in the Columbia River just south of the Saddle Mountains. There the bus will turn onto a gravel road and approach a massive concrete structure that rises like a modern-day pyramid from the sagebrush plain.
The first time I walked through the doors of the B Reactor at Hanford, it took my breath away. I couldn’t believe that this structure still existed and that you could walk through it as casually as if you were walking through a shopping mall. Furthermore, the facility is almost exactly the same as when the Italian physicist Enrico Fermi started it up on September 26, 1944. The B Reactor has been called a cathedral to 20th century science. But if so, it is a cathedral to a direful god.
The B Reactor was the first large-scale nuclear reactor built anywhere in the world. At the end of 1942, Enrico Fermi had built a small-scale reactor under the stands of an abandoned football field at the University of Chicago. Most histories of that reactor depict it as a triumph of scientific experimentation, as the world’s first demonstration that a controlled nuclear reaction was possible – and it was that. But Fermi actually had a much more immediate and practical goal in mind. He wanted to demonstrate that the large-scale nuclear reactors that even then were being designed at the University of Chicago, and which soon would begin to rise next to the Columbia River in eastern Washington, would work.
Today we usually think of nuclear reactors as devices for the production of heat that can be used to drive turbines and generate electricity. But they originally were created to produce something much more specific – subatomic particles called neutrons. When uranium atoms split in a nuclear reactor, they emit energetic neutrons that can be used for many different purposes. In the reactors at Hanford, those neutrons were used to convert other uranium atoms into a new and artificial element that had been discovered just two years earlier, an element that its discoverers had named plutonium.
Plutonium, it turns out, is the best material in the universe for making atomic bombs. Pound for pound, it produces a far more powerful explosion than any other element. That’s why plutonium was the material used in the world’s first atomic explosion – on July 16, 1945, in a desert south of Albuquerque, New Mexico. Plutonium was in the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, three weeks later, and it would have been in the future bombs the United States was building to drop on Japan if the country had not surrendered. Plutonium’s power as a bomb-making material is why it’s used as a trigger in our nuclear weapons today and in almost all the nuclear weapons that exist elsewhere in the world.
Hanford produced plutonium for our bombs until the 1970s, at which point the United States and Soviet Union had more than 30,000 nuclear weapons each—an absolutely insane number, enough to destroy the world many times over. With so much nuclear overkill in its arsenals, the United States realized that it had more plutonium than it would ever need, and the mission of Hanford transitioned from plutonium production to cleanup of the incredible environmental mess that production had created. Extracting plutonium from irradiated uranium fuel cells generates huge quantities of extremely toxic and radioactive chemicals, and in the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s Hanford’s operators had no idea what to do with those chemicals—plus they had a war to win; someone else could deal with the waste problem. Their solution was to build 177 gigantic tanks as big as auditoriums in the middle of the desert and fill them with the chemicals left over from plutonium production. The tanks built in the 1940s had a design life of about 20 years. Just this year, the Department of Energy and its contractors started converting the waste in those tanks into glass logs that, eventually, once a place is found to dispose of them, could be buried deep underground.
There’s another legacy of the nuclear era here in Washington State. Twenty miles northwest of Seattle, on the eastern shore of Hood Canal, is the largest stockpile of deployed nuclear weapons anywhere in the world. That’s the site of Naval Base Kitsap, which is the home port of the United States’ west coast fleet of ballistic missile submarines. Each of the eight Ohio-class submarines that sail from Naval Base Kitsap carries up to 24 Trident II missiles, and each of those missiles has four to five independently targetable warheads. In other words, a single submarine sailing from Washington State has enough firepower to destroy every major city in Russia—and a single Russian submarine has the ability to do the same to all our major cities.
Washington State has been at the very center of the nuclear era. Plutonium was first manufactured here. Hanford remains the most radiologically contaminated site in the western hemisphere. Naval Base Kitsap has enough nuclear bombs to destroy humanity. Perhaps that gives us, as residents of this state, a special responsibility to help ensure not only that nuclear weapons are never used but that they are abolished from the face of the Earth.
Check out Steve Olson’s Speakers Bureau talk, Atomic Washington: Our Nuclear Past, Present, and Future, online and in-person around the state.
|The Geology Behind the Deadly Earthquakes in Turkey and Syria|
in Syria and Turkey are common, but the magnitude 7.8 that shook the
region on 6 February at 4:17am local time is clearly impressive. To find
earthquakes this strong on this particular fault, we would have to go
back to the year 1114.
Ten minutes after the strongest earthquake, an aftershock of magnitude 6.7 struck near the epicentre. “Aftershocks” are earthquakes that occur after every major earthquake, and their statistical behaviour is well known. At the time of writing, others continue to affect an area stretching over 350 kilometres from eastern Turkey to the Syrian border.
More surprisingly and dramatically, a second earthquake of magnitude 7.5 struck at 1:24pm local time, further north. This earthquake was not an aftershock: according to the first data processed live by the major international seismological agencies, it would have occurred on an east-west fault crossing-cutting the main rupture trace.
Seismologists consider Turkey a tectonically active area, where three tectonic plates—the Anatolia, Arabia, and Africa plates—touch and interact with each other. The two major fault lines surrounding it, the North Anatolian Fault and the East Anatolian Fault—which has a slip rate of between 6 and 10 millimeters per year—are gradually squeezing the country westward toward the Mediterranean Sea. Yet, many buildings in the region are not built to withstand large earthquakes, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS), making the destruction worse.
Anatolian Plate is a continental tectonic plate that is separated from
the Eurasian plate and the Arabian plate by the North Anatolian Fault
and the East Anatolian Fault respectively. Most of the country of Turkey
is located on the Anatolian plate. Most significant earthquakes in the
region have historically occurred along the northern fault, such as the
1939 Erzincan earthquake. The devastating 2023 Turkey–Syria earthquake
occurred along the active East Anatolian fault at a strike slip fault
where the Arabian plate is sliding past the Anatolian plate
earthquake happens when a fault – a fracture in the first kilometres of
the Earth’s crust – slips rapidly, within seconds, abruptly releasing
the energy that has been growing over tens to hundreds of years by the
slow motion of tectonic plates. When this happens, the released energy
leads to shaking of the ground: the earthquake.
Some earthquakes are linked to each other: when the fault breaks, earthquakes release part of the energy and reorganise part of it in the Earths’ crust, which can trigger new earthquakes. For instance, one can consider the series of earthquakes of magnitude greater than 7 that have cascaded from east to west for about 800 kilometres over the course of the 20th century along the North Anatolian fault. Each earthquake brought the nearby fault segment of the North Anatolian fault closer to a rupture.
The notable point is that the entire length of the North Anatolian Fault ruptured between 1939 and 1999. The last unbroken segment runs across the Sea of Marmara, very close to Istanbul, between the epicenters of the 1999 Izmit and 1912 Ganos earthquakes.
If a fault section is already well loaded (close to rupture), when a big earthquake hits nearby, then a second earthquake might happen. Otherwise, it will be necessary to wait for the motion of tectonic plates to bring the remaining energy necessary to trigger an earthquake. This is called “static triggering”.
is also a type of triggering known as “dynamic”. In some cases, the
energy excess resulting from a large earthquake is not large enough to
explain the occurrence of certain earthquakes, especially if they are
located far away from the epicentre of the main shock.
For example, following the 1992 Landers and 1999 Hector Mine earthquakes in California, earthquake swarms were observed several hundreds of kilometres from the epicentre. It has been shown that these earthquakes occurred exactly during the passage of the strongest seismic waves emitted by these two earthquakes. At such distances, this shaking, the seismic waves, cannot be felt by humans, but apparently, seismic faults do.
Similar observations have been made in the laboratory to show that during the passage of these seismic waves, the material that makes up the core of the fault weakens, causing a sudden sliding, i.e., an earthquake.
This kind of behaviour comes from the physics of granular media, which behave like fluids while being shaken. Shaking a pile of sand quickly will cause it to flatten under its own weight, whereas without the shaking, it would stand still.
So shaking a fault quickly can cause it to slip, producing earthquakes. It has also been observed that these seismic waves can trigger slow slippage at colossal distances. The seismic waves emitted by the Maule earthquake, a magnitude 8.9 earthquake that struck Chile in 2010, caused a slow earthquake along the Mexico subduction, about 7,000 kilometres from the epicentre.
See also: How Turkey's Deadly Earthquake Moved the Country 10 Feet
The Amish and Quakers are sects of Christianity that have been around for centuries. Both religious groups were formed during the Protestant Reformation that began in the 16th century. During this Reformation, a rebellion broke out against the medieval church as people fought for the right to personal interpretations of the Bible.
Amish and Quakers share similar beliefs in living simple, humble lifestyles and practicing pacifism. Aside from that, these two groups, and the Mennonites, escaped religious persecution in Europe and laid down roots in Pennsylvania in the 1700s. Also, all three believe in non-violence, not taking oaths, and communal living.
However, when we examine their lifestyles and beliefs, significant differences between Quakers and Amish appear.
Let's explore Amish vs Quaker and discuss the key differences between them.
What this article covers:
The Amish and Quakers arose in the 17th century but are two distinct groups with different interpretations of the Bible, practices, and beliefs. Here's a breakdown of the primary differences between them.
At first glance, you might think that the Amish and Quakers adhere to the same beliefs, but this is far from the truth.
The Amish faith is heavily rooted in scripture and relies on rules to maintain order within their community. All Amish identify as Christians and regard the Bible as the word of God.
On the other hand, Quakers practice "the inner light," which emphasizes the importance of following one's conscience and intuition.
Not all Quakers identify as Christians. Some see themselves as members of a universal religion. Although Quakers regard the Bible highly, it is not the only Holy Book that informs their beliefs.
Unlike the Amish, who recite the Dordrecht Confession as their formal creed, Quakers don't recite any creeds.
The Amish don't have church buildings and hold services in members' homes. However, they have a church hierarchy with a bishop, ministers, and a deacon in charge of a church district.
Quakers also don't have churches and conduct their meetings in meeting houses. However, they don't believe in the clergy, church hierarchy, or formal liturgy. Believers minister to one another with no defined structure or leader.
You’ll notice a lot of similarities when you look at anabaptist vs Amish. That’s because the Amish are anabaptists and they don’t believe in infant baptism. When the Amish are old enough, they get baptized and can take communion during special communion services held in spring and autumn.
Baptism also differentiates the Amish from other groups. For instance, if you look at Dunkards vs Amish, you’ll see a difference in how they baptize their people. Dunkards practice immersion baptism while Amish baptize by pouring.
That said, Quakers do not believe in ceremonies and do not practice baptism or communion. According to them, everyone can have a direct relationship with God and should do so continually, without rituals or sacraments.
Amish ministers deliver sermons in Pennsylvania Dutch. However, their Bibles are written in high German. Quakers, on the other hand, conduct worship in silence, with members sitting in a circle and waiting for an insight or revelation to share with others.
The Amish must separate themselves from anything that seems worldly. That's why they have a distinct style of clothing and haircuts. Men wear plain black or dark suits with no decorations, and women wear modest, plain-colored dresses covered with a cape and apron.
Their hair, too, is different from what modern people wear. Men have short hair and long beards with no mustaches. Additionally, women never shave their hair but wear it in a bun and always cover it with a prayer Kapp.
While you can point out a member of the Amish community from the crowd based on their dress style, you can’t point out a Quaker, which is one of the biggest differences between Quakers and Mormons vs Amish. Quakers don't have a prescribed way of dressing. Quakers don't restrict their clothing style to anything specific. While their mode of dress is usually not flashy or ostentatious, they don't have any requirements for their physical appearance; and can wear their hair however they please.
Just like beliefs and appearance, the Amish and Quaker lifestyles differ significantly.
Quakers have fully embraced technology. They use modern tools, such as computers and cell phones, to pursue their business or professional goals. Likewise, Hutterites differ from the Amish in that they have highly industrialized farms.
The Amish, however, live a very traditional lifestyle and keep traditional practices such as owning a bread box. This community is conservative in their approach to technology. This means that they limit the use of modern technologies, such as cars, phones, and electricity.
You'll often spot people traveling in buggies when you visit Amish country. There are rules governing the color of the buggy, whether the lights must be on, and the speed at which it can travel among different Amish orders.
It’s also pretty easy to differentiate an Amish vs Mennonite buggy based on the color and style. Amish buggies tend to be plain in style.
Formal education lasts till the eighth grade in the Amish community. Members of the community rarely attend modern or public schools, nor do they pursue higher education.
Like the Amish, Quakers have schools for their members, known as Friends schools. Non-Quakers can attend Friends schools as well. Education in these schools emphasizes spirituality, community, and responsibility. These schools focus on nurturing each child's unique talents, and Quakers are allowed to pursue higher education.
Amish people avoid involvement in politics. Most Amish orders don't vote and are not members of any political parties.
On the contrary, Quakers are believers in equality and what better way to express this than actively participating in the political arena? Aside from politics, Quakers also engage in social action projects that promote peace and justice. Their organizations have taken a stand against human trafficking, poverty, climate change, and other human rights abuses.
The Quakers, or the Religious Society of Friends, and the Amish are two distinct religious groups that have their origins in 17th century Europe. Both groups share a common belief in the importance of living a life guided by faith and simplicity.
The Quakers were founded in England by George Fox and focused on the idea of an inner light that guides individuals to live a spiritual life. They believe in equality among all people, regardless of gender or social class, and reject violence as a means to achieve justice. The Quakers also played a key role in the abolition of slavery and other social reforms.
Are Amish Catholic? No they aren’t. In fact, they formed after a split from the Swiss Brethren in 1693. The founder of the Amish church was Jakob Ammann, a Swiss Anabaptist leader who proposed several changes to the beliefs and practices of the Swiss Brethren, which led to a schism between the Amish Brethren.
The Amish and Quakers have had an important impact on history and continue to influence modern society today through their shared values of faith and simplicity.
Although these groups have many differences, they both have a commitment to living according to their religious beliefs and values.
The Amish are a conservative Christian sect – just like Mennonites – who live in close-knit communities in the US and Canada. They are known for their simple lifestyle and their refusal to adopt many modern technologies – preferring to stick to a more old-fashioned way of life.
The Amish culture is fascinating. They follow a set of rules – called the Amish Ordnung – that dictate every aspect of their lives, from what clothes they wear to how they conduct business.
The Amish believe in hard work and
living a simple life. Many of their customs are based on the teachings
of the Bible. For example, they believe in large families, living off
the land, and shunning material possessions. MORE
One of the many things that the Amish follow strictly are the avoidance of photographs, or more specifically, getting their pictures taken. For them, taking pictures of oneself promotes vanity and vanity is not needed and disrupts the peace in the Amish community. Ever since the beginning, they did not take any photos, so new generation never knew what their great godparents or ancestors looked like. Although they don’t like taking photos of themselves, they don’t mind getting photographed by people. As long as they don’t seem to be posing because posing is also a sign of vanity and as long as people don’t treat them like zoo animals, watching them and taking photos of their every move. They allow people from the outside and tourists to look at them and take photos of their places and appearances, knowing that they are a unique and interesting group of people.
Amish people believe that technology is a form of evil because it provides easy contact with worldly ideas and values. They also believe that technology that makes life easier takes away the value of hardwork and diligence from their children, causing them to just rely on modernity. So because of this, Amish people live using ancient tools and equipment. Most Amish communities also don’t employ the use of electricity, so they create their own electricity from solar power or other energy sources as they don’t want to be part of the same line that distributes electricity to the rest of the world.
Amish people don’t wear jewelry, and hence there are no Amish wedding rings either, but there’s a very simple way for a young Amish man to know if a girl he likes is already taken.
The bonnet she wears is how to tell if an Amish girl is married. An Amish woman wears a white bonnet on her head once she gets married, so any would-be suitors won’t make a mistake. (single women wear black, married women wear white.)
Outsiders often find this odd, but there’s a historical reason for it. It’s one of the few Amish norms that are not directly based on religious teaching, although there’s an indirect link to their values.
Let’s explain. Mustaches were seen as emblems of British military men in the past. The Amish would have seen this in the early days of America’s rise to independence.
As the Amish are forbidden from engaging in warfare, or anything that perpetuates violence, they soon prohibited the wearing of the mustache.
There are several ways to obtain the citizenship of a country.
As well as simply being born there or being the descendant of one of its citizens, nations allow permits through marriage, adoption or naturalization - the latter of which is based on an application-related executive decision. Until the outbreak of the Ukraine war, additional "citizenship by investment" (CBI) programs were also offered in the three EU member states of Cyprus, Malta and Bulgaria.
As Statista's Anna Fleck and Florian Zandt note, these are more commonly known as "golden passports."
By investing a certain amount of money, it becomes possible to obtain citizenship without the bureaucratic hurdles.
Bulgaria and Cyprus have now abolished this method of granting citizenship, while Malta refuses to grant such passports specifically to Russians and Belarusians.
However, "Golden visas", i.e. residence permits granted in exchange for investments in the economy, still exist in several other EU countries, as the chart below shows.
You will find more infographics at Statista
Especially in Southern Europe, so-called "residency by investment" (RBI) programs are fairly common. While this practice was recently abolished in Portugal and Ireland, Spain, Greece, Cyprus and Malta, among others, still grant residency rights in exchange for economic investments. According to a 2019 study by the EU Commission, more than 130,000 people were either naturalized or granted residence rights under CBI and RBI between 2011 and 2019, which had generated a conservatively estimated total revenue of €21.4 billion for the countries.
Both practices have come under fire from officials.
As early as 2014, the EU spoke out against such programs, arguing, among other things, that they run counter to anti-discrimination requirements and could potentially encourage corruption and money laundering. In Portugal, for example, the RBI program, which has now been abolished, is considered to have fueled the real estate crisis.
Worldwide, the first CBI programs were launched in the 1980s on a few Caribbean islands, and some of them are still active there today. European non-EU countries that offer CBI include Montenegro and Turkey.
👇People have used stones, glass beads, salt, cattle, seashells, gold, silver, and other commodities as money at different times.
Gold didn’t become money by accident or because some politicians decreed it. Instead, it became money because countless individuals throughout history and across many different civilizations subjectively came to the same conclusion: gold is money.
It resulted from a market process of people looking for the best way to store and exchange value.
So, why did they go to gold? What makes gold attractive as money?
Gold has a set of unique characteristics that make it suitable as money.
Gold is durable, divisible, consistent, convenient, scarce, and most importantly, the “hardest” of all physical commodities. In other words, gold is “hard to produce” relative to existing stockpiles and is the one physical commodity most resistant to inflation of its supply. That’s what gives gold its monetary properties.
Anyone can opt-out of CBDCs by using physical gold and silver to store and exchange value.
Physical gold is optimal for long-term savings and large transactions. The best way to do that is with widely recognized gold bullion coins, like the Canadian Gold Maple Leaf or the American Gold Eagle.
However, gold coins are generally inconvenient to use for small transactions. Silver coins are more practical here.
It is stupid -- really. Just ask EPSTEIN's housekeepers at his many properties. THEY KNOW.
Meanwhile, a litigation wave has hit Norfolk Southern. The latest lawsuit alleges that efforts by the rail company and local and state authorities to burn off the dangerous chemicals made things worse and demanded punitive damages and medical monitoring.
"I'm not sure Norfolk Southern could have come up with a worse plan to address this disaster.
"Residents exposed to vinyl chloride may already be undergoing DNA mutations that could linger for years or even decades before manifesting as terrible and deadly cancers. The lawsuit alleges that Norfolk Southern made it worse by essentially blasting the town with chemicals as they focused on restoring train service and protecting their shareholders," attorney John Morgan said in a statement, who was cited by local media WFMJ.
"At least five class action negligence lawsuits have now been filed by residents and business owners who were impacted by the fiery chemical train derailment," The Independent said.
The photo above should've been on the front cover of every major newspaper nationwide -- but it wasn't. Wonder why?
Where did the chemicals get made and where were they going?
What about the Amish community? Has anyone gone to see them?
The Ohio train derailment toxic dioxin bomb is far worse than we realized
I am shocked to learn the horrifying facts about the toxicity of dioxins, a class of chemical compounds formed when chlorinated compounds are burned.
The authorities who set fire to the vinyl chloride in Ohio have unleashed an ecological catastrophe that's causing dioxin fallout on food, farms and families in Ohio, Pennsylvania and other states.
The maximum lifetime "safe" exposure to dioxins is 1/10,000th the mass of a single grain of table salt. This means if you get one drop of dioxin chemicals on you, it's over. Massive cancer. Infertility. Spontaneous abortions, endocrine disruptions, etc. Very bad news.