WHAT THE F?

*** Aluminum (TMA), Barium, Strontium, Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6), and Lithium have been dumped in space to study and modify space weather for over sixty years (60) and nobody knew. - Big Wobble Blog *** Then there's Z. July 18, 2022 - I was awakened this morning with a clear message that there are three years left until the simulation ends. - ELLIE *** Ego & Time are our biggest anchors to ignorance- Walter Russell

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Monday, August 30, 2021

Mozart: Requiem In D Minor, K.626 - 1. Introitus: Requiem

RIDE THE EAGLE | Official Trailer [HD] | In Cinemas September 9

Nikola Tesla 369 Code Healing Music with 432 Hz Tuning and Sub Bass Pulse...

NASA Explores Earth's Magnetic 'Dent'

big trouble


Had the two massive solar eruptions on the far side of the sun had been facing Earth this week our civilization would have been in deep trouble.

The massive CME, (coronal mass ejection, solar flare) called the Carrington Event, which happened back in 1859 was so strong it set fire to telegraph poles and buildings as well as giving telegraph operators electric shocks.

The problem for us in 2021 is we don't have the same strong and safe magnetic field protecting our planet as we did back in 1859. read this

*

Massive, Growing Weak Spot in Earth’s Magnetic Field About to Split in Two, NASA Says

NASA says the weakening of the magnetic field in this area threatens to allow more solar radiation to get closer to the surface of Earth, disabling electronics or scrambling or temporarily disabling satellites and other space-based man-made objects that pass through it.

Geologists began expressing concerns about the magnetic field that shields Earth from deadly solar radiation in 2019, when the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration was forced to update its World Magnetic Model a year early after finding that the magnetic north pole was rapidly moving out of the Canadian Arctic and toward Siberia.

The US National Aeronautics and Space Administration is tracking an immense, growing, and slowly splitting "dent" in the Earth's Magnetic field.

The area, known as the South Atlantic Anomaly, is situated in the southern hemisphere between South America and the southern Atlantic Ocean off the coast of southwestern Africa. According to recent NASA monitoring and modeling, the area is expanding westward and becoming weaker, and expected to completely split into two separate cells, each spanning thousands of kilometres across, soon. VIA

 

 

Nanotubes assemble! Rice introduces Teslaphoresis

 

graphene oxide (again) or black goo (killer)

Thursday, August 26, 2021

The CFR Controls American News/Media

The European CFR has just been recently created visit this link for more information. http://z13.invisionfree.com/THE_UNHIV... ========================================= The Sovereign Military Order of Malta created the CFR which includes SMOM Papal Knights such as Rupert Murdoch, David Rockefeller. The CFR is controlled by Archbishop of NY, Cardinal Edward Michael Egan. He's the Military Vicar and commander of the SMOM Americas based at St Patrick's Cathedral in New York. He and Grandmaster Andrew Bertie control the SMOM. Note that the CFR was created in 1921 just one year after the SMOM created the Royal Institute of International Affairs. In reality these are one and the same. You should take note of how the RIIA uses Wall Street and Aspen Institute a lot.

 

Wednesday, August 25, 2021

WJH: Rodinia?

 One of The Supercontinents Is Different from the Others (It’s Rodinia)

Many people have heard of Pangaea, the supercontinent that included all continents on Earth and began to break up about 175 million years ago. But before Pangaea, Earth’s landmasses ripped apart and smashed back together to form supercontinents repeatedly. This cycle has been going on for at least the last 3.0 billion years of Earth’s history, regulating our planet’s geography, climate, and carbon cycles.

Each supercontinent has its quirks, but one, called Rodinia, assembled from 1.3 to 0.9 billion years ago and broken up about 0.75 billion years ago, is particularly odd. A study led by Carnegie's Chao Liu and Robert Hazen (also the Deep Carbon Observatory's executive director), and Harvard University's Andrew Knoll, describes why Rodinia is so unusual in a new paper in Nature Communications.

When looking for evidence of past supercontinents, geologists love grains of zircon, a durable mineral that forms from melted rocks at high temperatures.

“Zircons are so robust that they survive most geologic events,” said Liu. Just like other supercontinents, the number of detrital zircon grains increased during formation and dropped off during breakup of Rodinia. “However, zircon is only one of more than 5,000 different kinds of minerals on Earth,” said Liu. “We thought, maybe we can look at the distribution of other minerals through time to see if they’re different from zircon.”

Liu and his colleagues compiled global records of high-temperature minerals, going back 3 billion years. In addition, they analyzed global data of trace element concentrations in magmatic rocks, which are rocks formed from melted magma, through the last 3 billion years to identify mechanisms controlling how the distribution of minerals changes over time, including zircon. The mineral data revealed patterns that were similar to zircon, with peaks in total mineral records associated with assembly of supercontinents. However, there is one exception. Rodinia had fewer total mineral occurrences compared to other supercontinents.

The researchers noticed that Rodinian minerals bearing niobium and yttrium showed similarly high peaks to zircons. In addition, these peaks nicely couple with higher global concentrations of yttrium, niobium, and zirconium in magmatic rocks of Rodinia, when compared to all other supercontinents.

To explain these findings, the researchers propose that during its formation, Rodinia may have experienced limited arc magmatism. This type of volcanic activity normally prevails during supercontinent assembly, and is associated with subduction, where the edge of one tectonic plate sinks beneath another, and the collisions that create volcanic arcs like the Aleutian Islands, and mountain ranges like the Rocky Mountains and Himalayas. Such tectonic events usually carry robust geochemical signatures of very little zirconium, yttrium, and niobium. Such signatures are relatively limited during Rodinian assembly. Instead, Rodinian geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology all point to widespread non-arc magmatism.

To explain the general dwarfed mineral records for Rodinia compared to other supercontinents, the researchers speculate that there might have been extensive erosion of the Rodinian volcanic arcs and mountain belts. The enhanced erosion is probably due to the style by which Rodinia was formed, that is, a process called extrovert assembly. After a supercontinent splits apart, the pieces can come together to form a new one through introvert assembly, where the tectonic plates drift back and merge again, or extrovert assembly, where the continents drift further apart and meet up again on the other side of the planet. Plates tend to travel a longer distance during extrovert assembly, which may have led to greater erosion of their margins. The extrovert assembly of Rodinia may also have been accompanied by two-sided subduction, where materials of both colliding plates sink into the mantle, further dooming mineral preservation.

The speculated ‘enhanced erosion’ of Rodinia could significantly impact global carbon cycling, as weathering is a major sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide. For the next step the researchers, together with ore geologist Simone Runyon, a postdoctoral researcher at Carnegie Institution for Science, will examine the ‘enhanced erosion’ speculation carefully. “We’re trying to find out the formation temperature, pressure, and depth of all the Rodinian minerals and compare it with minerals formed during the creation of other supercontinents” said Liu. “I think that’s going to be very interesting.”

Image

Caption: A proposed reconstruction of the supercontinent Rodinia, about 990 million years ago. Credit: Chao Liu/EarthByte

_____

Courtesy of the Deep Carbon Observatory


Brian McKnight - Anytime (Lyrics)

Monday, August 23, 2021

Jaron Lanier interview on how social media ruins your life

MASS PSYCHOSIS - How an Entire Population Becomes MENTALLY ILL

Missile Site Radar Pyramid in Nekoma North Dakota

what do you think?

I think Danny is being sarcastic and is quite pissed about her...

 

about the lyrics:

other commenter: This song is the most beautiful reminder of a lost love. The song is about an old girlfriend "mary". He obviously made a mess up of this past relationship and regrets it deeply. The line about blessed is the millionaire, to me seems she might have been high maintenance (liked expensive things). Also about the fruit on the tree might mean something similar. Leave a light on in heaven, does this mean he hopes to meet her there? Sounds morbid! But it does emphasize how deeply this has effected him, perhaps he met her again I doubt it, but it is one of my favourite songs. 

Danny Wilson – Mary's Prayer lyrics

Everything is wonderful, Being here is heavenly
Every single day she sends, Everything is free
I used to be so careless, As if I couldn't care less
Did I have to make mistakes, When I was Mary's prayer?

Suddenly the heavens rolled, Suddenly the rain came down
Suddenly was washed away, The Mary that I knew
So when you find somebody you keep, Think of me and celebrate
I made such a big mistake, When I was Mary's Prayer

So if I say, save me, save me, Be the light in my eyes
And if I say, ten Hail Mary's, Leave a light on in heaven for me


Blessed is the one who shares, Your power and your beauty, Mary
Blessed is the millionaire, Who shares your wedding day
So when you find somebody you keep, Think of me and celebrate
I made such a big mistake, When I was Mary's Prayer

So if I say, save me, save me, Be the light in my eyes
And if I say, ten Hail Mary's, Leave a light on in heaven
Save me, save me, Be the light in my eyes
And if I say, ten Hail Mary's, Leave a light on in heaven for me

If you want the fruit to fall, You have to give the tree a shake
But if you shake the tree too hard, The bough is gonna break
And if I can't reach the top of your tree, Mary you can blow me up there
What I wouldn't give to be, When I was Mary's prayer

So if I say, save me, save me, Be the light in my eyes
And if I say ten Hail Mary's, Leave a light on in heaven
Save me, save me, Be the light in my eyes
And if I say, ten Hail Mary's, (Leave) Leave a light on in heaven
Save me, save me, Be the light in my eyes
What I wouldn't give to be, When I was Mary's prayer
What I wouldn't give to be, When I was Mary's prayer
What I wouldn't give (Save me) to be, When I was Mary's prayer

 

Saturday, August 21, 2021

prediction of collapse

collapse

Dmitry Orlov: Predicting Collapse

Military, economic prowess can't stop America's inevitable ...

Below is a link an extremely informative podcast interview with Russian-American engineer and writer Dmitry Orlov.

After living through the Soviet collapse, Orlov identified five aspects of collapse for people to use as signposts to identify when the process had begun.*

Orlov clearly believes the collapse of the US empire has already begun. He asserts most Americans aren’t aware of it because they only believe what the TV tells them, ie that current problems of US are only temporary.

Orlov, who predicted imminent US collapse nearly a decade ago, points out the fulfillment of each of his predictions.

  1. Financial Collapse – early signs of runaway hyperinflation, with skyrocketing levels of money creation disguised as debt that will never be repaid. He also points to growing unwillingness of various countries, especially Russia and China, to accept the US dollar as currency.
  2. Commercial collapse – total unwillingness of businesses to invest in new factories.
  3. Political collapse – total corruption (and incompetence) of executive branch of federal government. This is reflected in major recent military losses (the interview preceded the hasty and undignified US exit from Afghanistan). At 10.00 min, he points to a recent announcement the US isn’t going to the moon (and never did, according to Orlov).**
  4. Social collapse – total breakdown of community and civil society, ie the networks and groups which ordinarily look after people who slip through the “safety net” of government welfare programs.
  5. Cultural collapse – loss of faith in the goodness of humanity.

Orlov believes the US collapse will be more catastrophic than its Soviet counterpart (at 21 min) because the Russians had stronger family and community ties. Absent in the US, these resulted in a strong moral obligation to help one another survive the life-and-death struggles Russian people faced in the early 1990s.


*See also https://www.resilience.org/stories/2013-04-11/the-five-stages-of-collapse-by-dmitry-orlov-book-review/

**According to Orlov, the US never possessed the rocket technology to carry off a moon shot.

 

Prophet? Indeed

 

THE FRENCH DISPATCH | The Cycling Reporter by Herbsaint SAZERAC | Search...

Wednesday, August 18, 2021

Children's Teeth

 

Children's Teeth, Collected Decades Ago, Can Show the Damage of Nuclear Testing

News at Home
 

Dr. Lawrence Wittner is Professor of History Emeritus at SUNY/Albany and the author of Confronting the Bomb (Stanford University Press).  Joseph Mangano MPH MBA is Executive Director of the Radiation and Public Health Project.

Nuclear Weapon Test, Bikini Atoll, 1954

In 2020, Harvard University’s T. C. Chan School of Public Health began a five-year study, funded by the National Institutes of Health, that will examine the connection between early life exposure to toxic metals and later-life risk of neurological disease. A collaborator with Harvard, the Radiation and Public Health Project, will analyze the relationship of strontium-90 (a radioactive element in nuclear weapons explosions) and disease risk in later life. 

The centerpiece of the study is a collection of nearly 100,000 baby teeth, gathered in the late 1950s and early 1960s by the St. Louis Committee for Nuclear Information.

The collection of these teeth occurred during a time of intense public agitation over the escalating nuclear arms race between the U.S. and Soviet governments that featured the new hydrogen bomb (H-bomb), a weapon more than a thousand times as powerful as the bomb that had annihilated Hiroshima.  To prepare themselves for nuclear war, the two Cold War rivals conducted well-publicized, sometimes televised nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere—434 of them between 1945 and 1963.  These tests sent vast clouds of radioactive debris aloft where, carried along by the winds, it often traveled substantial distances before it fell to earth and was absorbed by the soil, plants, animals, and human beings. 

The hazards of nuclear testing were underscored by the U.S. government’s March 1, 1954 explosion of an H-bomb on Bikini Atoll, located in the Marshall Islands.  Although an area the size of New England had been staked out as a danger zone around the test site, a heavy dose of nuclear fallout descended on four inhabited islands of the Marshall grouping and on a Japanese fishing boat, the Lucky Dragon—all substantially outside the danger zone—with disastrous results.

Criticism of the nuclear arms race, and especially nuclear testing, quickly escalated.  Prominent individuals, including Bertrand Russell, Albert Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, and Benjamin Spock, issued spirited warnings.  New mass membership organizations arose, among them the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE) in the United States, the National Council for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons Tests (which morphed into the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament) in Britain, and the Japan Council Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs. 

The public grew alarmed, particularly by the fact that strontium-90 from nuclear tests was transmitted from the grass, to cattle, to milk, and finally to human bodies—with special concern as it built up in children’s bones and teeth.  By the late 1950s, polls found that most Americans considered fallout a “real danger.”

Linus Pauling, a Nobel Prize-winning chemist, emerged as one of the most trenchant and effective American critics, circulating anti-testing petitions signed by thousands of U.S. scientists and even larger numbers of scientists abroad.  Pauling charged that the nuclear bomb tests through 1958 would ultimately produce about 1 million seriously defective children and some 2 million embryonic and neonatal deaths.

Determined to maintain its nuclear weapons program, the U.S. government was horrified by the popular uproar and anxious to suppress it.  U.S. intelligence agencies and congressional investigations were unleashed against groups like SANE and antinuclear leaders like Pauling, while U.S. information agencies and government officials publicly minimized the dangers of nuclear testing.  In a Life magazine article, Edward Teller, often called “the father of the H-bomb,” insisted that nuclear test radiation “need not necessarily be harmful,” but “may conceivably be helpful.”

Even so, public concern grew.  In August 1958, Herman Kalckar, a biologist at the National Institutes of Health, published an article in the journal Nature, calling on public health agencies in multiple nations to engage in large-scale collection of baby teeth. Kalckar proposed testing teeth for strontium-90 from bomb fallout, as children are most vulnerable to the toxic effects of radioactivity.

Washington University scientists recognized that a tooth study could change public policy. In December 1958, they joined with leaders of the Committee for Nuclear Information, a citizen group opposed to nuclear war and above-ground bomb tests, and adopted a proposal to collect and test teeth for strontium-90 concentrations.

For the next 12 years, the Committee worked furiously, soliciting tooth donations through community-based institutions like schools, churches, scout groups, libraries, and dental offices. A total of 320,000 teeth were collected, and a Washington University lab measured strontium-90.

Results clearly showed a massive increase in strontium-90 as testing continued. Children born in 1963 (the height of bomb tests) had an average of 50 times more than those born in 1951 (when large-scale tests began). Medical journal articles detailed results.  Information on the tooth study was sent to Jerome Wiesner, science advisor to President John F. Kennedy. 

Kennedy, already seeking a test ban treaty, was clearly influenced by the uproar over the fate of children.  In his July 1963 speech announcing the successful conclusion of test ban negotiations by the governments of the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom, he argued that governments could not be indifferent to the catastrophe of nuclear war or to “children and grandchildren with cancer in their bones, with leukemia in their blood, or with poison in their lungs.”  The outcome was the Partial Test Ban Treaty, which banned nuclear testing in the atmosphere, in outer space, and under water.

According to the ongoing tooth study, the average strontium-90 in baby teeth dropped by half in just four years after the test ban. With their goal apparently accomplished, the Committee on Nuclear Information and the University halted tooth collection and testing.  Soon thereafter, the Committee dissolved.

Three decades later, Washington University staff discovered thousands of abandoned baby teeth that had gone untested. The school donated the teeth to the Radiation and Public Health Project, which was conducting a study of strontium-90 in teeth of U.S. children near nuclear reactors.

Now, using strontium-90 still present in teeth, the Radiation and Public Health Project will conduct an analysis of health risk, which was not addressed in the original tooth study, and minimally addressed by government agencies.  Based on actual radiation exposure in bodies, the issue of how many Americans suffered from cancer and other diseases from nuclear testing fallout will be clarified.


Billionaire Bunkers: How Super Rich Are Prepping For OFF-GRID Living

Spiders are going to get 'em

Monday, August 16, 2021

"Bronte" Gotye and The Barra-Westwind Band featuring Djalu Gurruwiwi

it's over soon

 


 

MKUltraterrestrials: Butterfly Bullets 

 Vastly relevant post, thanks. Using the comment above, I'd also join it with a news story making the rounds.. 'University of Wisconsin moving boulder because it's racist'. The real meaning is that the feature used to be called 'N-head rock', which means Eleggua, the Yoruba god of crossroads and fortune, the sacred child initiator of the lower chakras, and which in turn very clearly cries out the elites will start the next phase of their COVID takeover with overt coercion now that the Olympics are over, and the truce they brought has ended. Remember the Nemoralia, the feast of Diana, comes on August 13, and it was that very same day, 500 years ago, that the last Aztec Emperor surrendered to Hernan Cortez after his city's long and bloody amphibious siege.. these people set up all their ducks in very careful rows, and will topple them expertly and with devastating effect very soon. Mysteries of Eleusis in September!

Spiritual entities (Watchers) are most certainly involved in the affairs of the elite and their nefarious shannigans over many centuries. Butterflies may look pretty but are creepy in that they feed on corpses, blood, and raping their unborn.

Art That Heals: How Australian Aboriginal Yidakis Are Made | Handmade in...

didgeridoo... Amazing yidaki riffs by Quincey Matjaki Wunungmurra

Sunday, August 15, 2021

Inside The Chicago Mob - also known as "The Outfit" - Crime Documentary ...

uptown

 


Best Quote:

The “cave dwellers,” or those with old money and old mansions, live uptown existences that are upended by murder and corruption at the highest levels.

Saturday, August 14, 2021

Bonnie & Clyde: Love & Death | Biography

I jUst FOUnd OUt!

  1. Earth’s interior is layered like an onion. The solid iron-nickel inner core — today 1,200 kilometers (745 miles) in radius, or about three-quarters the size of the moon — is surrounded by a fluid outer core of molten iron and nickel about 2,400 kilometers (1,500 miles) thick. The outer core is surrounded by a mantle of hot rock 2,900 kilometers (1,800 miles) thick and overlain by a thin, cool, rocky crust at the surface.
  2. Earth's Core Is Growing "Lopsided' and Scientists Don't Know Why

    Ancient 15,000-Year-Old Viruses Identified in Melting Tibetan Glaciers

    A close look at the newly cleaned ice cores revealed the presence of 33 groups of virus genera, 28 of which are not known to modern science. The researchers noted that the viruses they found in the cores from the two sites differed from one another, likely because they represented different points in time and thus differences in climate. They note that their work might grow in importance as the planet heats up due to global warming and melts glaciers, possibly unleashing deadly viruses.

    BLINK OF AN EYE 


     

     

Thursday, August 12, 2021

comanche migration


 from: https://www.pinterest.com/englebetts/native-american-history/

hollyweird


It's the studio execs and the spineless lackeys they employ to churn out lazy virtue-signalling crap that's the issue. If Hollywood made a movie out of one those properties you listed above, I'd bet on it being a steaming pile. 

studio execs are the trust fund kids with zero imagination and vision... just bored and greedy



HearHere #podcasts

 very cool...

Honoring The First People of North America

Image
 

In the words of HearHere co-founder Kevin Costner, “At HearHere, our goal is simple: to draw you in and offer up the history of an area, unknown or forgotten. Our commitment to that idea, and specifically to the first people to inhabit this land, is a responsibility we not only feel, but pledge to start with.”

As a passionate storyteller about the first people of this land, Kevin has written and narrated HearHere stories about the history of the first people from Central Coast from the Beginning and those north with San Francisco from the Beginning. Kevin will be creating and narrating many more stories honoring the Indigenous people as we make our way across the United States.

As we move east with HearHere stories, we find ourselves in Idaho and Montana. The indigenous people living here before the intrusion of Euro-Americans had a long, rich and proud history. When Lewis and Clark first arrived in Montana’s Flathead Lake area, they met the Salish people. Different bands of Salish lived on both sides of the Continental Divide for thousands of years. A Salish prophet had a vision of men in long black robes. It’s an incredibly interesting and ultimately sad story and you can listen to it here.

And then there’s the Wadatika, a nomadic band of Northern Paiute People living in small bands of several families. The families followed seasonal rhythms as they migrated across what is now southern Idaho. The Wadatika were sustained by edible plants, deer and bison, and the plentiful salmon that spawned in the Boise River. Life was good. But when the Oregon Trail came right through their lands, tensions increased, conflicts arose, and these people were eventually forced to live in horrible conditions on the Malheur Reservations. Today the Wadatika are regaining their identity through oral history. Stories keep history alive, you can listen to it here

But history is also about individuals. When Lewis and Clark met Native American tribes, the presence of their young, female Lemhi Shoshone guide, Sacagawea, and her newborn son was invaluable. The expedition appeared less menacing with a woman and baby than a group made up solely of men; added to the fact that she spoke their language, and she represented peace and trustworthiness. Hers is a great story – an 18-year-old woman bravely leading a group of forty Eastern explorers through the wilderness – and we have it for you here

We also have the story of Nez Perce leader and their reluctant hero Looking Glass. Even though he disliked white encroachment on his ancestral lands, Looking Glass opposed going to war with the United States over its plans to force all the Nez Perce onto the reservation at Lapwai, Idaho. But when US Army soldiers opened fire with Gatling guns and destroyed his band’s village, he joined with Chief Joseph during the Nez Perce War of 1877. Looking Glass became a principal architect of many of the military strategies successfully employed by the Nez Perce in that war. His story continues on HearHere and is worth a listen.

Just as the Wadatika people work to keep their stories alive, we at HearHere also craft words that blow life into the hot coals of history for your learning enjoyment. Towards this overriding goal, we constantly work to bring you the stories of the First Peoples because local stories bind all communities, old & new, at their roots.

Listen to these stories and more on HearHere for iPhone today. If you don’t have a subscription to HearHere for iPhone, all iPhone customers receive five free HearHere stories a month, simply visit here to register.

Wednesday, August 11, 2021

Climate Changes :: The Swift River Valley had… water

 NOT GOOD but POSSIBLE

A Community of Necessity: The Quabbin Reservoir's History and the Future of "Managed Retreat"

News at Home
tags: environmental history, Massachusetts, urban history, dams, eminent domain, Public works, Quabbin Reservoir



Elisabeth C. Rosenberg is a writer and editor who focuses on the interplay between individuals, demographic groups, and disruptive technology.  Her book Before the Flood: Destruction, Community, and Survival in the Drowned Towns of the Quabbin, is now available from Pegasus Books.

Part of the Swift River valley in Western Massachusetts, prior to the filling of the Quabbin Reservoir, ca. 1938. 

Photo Mass. Department of Conservation and Recreation.

 

The same general location, under more than 40 feet of water. 

Photo Elisabeth Rosenberg

 

On the night of April 27, 1938 the old brick town hall in Enfield, Massachusetts, the largest of four small towns in the state’s western Swift River Valley, was packed so tightly with revelers that the floorboards shook. The orchestra played swing and barn dances; women wore ball gowns or dressed in mourning black. Reporters from across the US had arrived to document the forced gaiety. This “Farewell Ball” was to commemorate the impending demise of the four towns: Enfield, Dana, Greenwich, and Prescott. At the stroke of midnight, they – and sections of surrounding villages - would cease to exist as municipal entities. After more than two hundred years, their names would be removed from maps. They would have no post offices, telephone exchanges, schools, churches, farms, or stores. Every building, tree, bush, crop, and other living thing would to be torn down, torched, and stripped to a moon-like surface.

 

A year later, the clean and bright Swift River - the beating heart of the Swift River Valley - was sealed shut, and the entire valley, carved from ancient glaciers, was flooded with 412 billion gallons of water to provide a permanent source of pure drinking water for Boston, a metropolis more than an hour away.

 

From its very founding in the early 17th century, Boston never possessed enough clean water for a growing population. Reservoirs were built further and further west in the state, but need always outstripped capacity. Finally, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts voted on its own “nuclear option”: dam and flood the Swift River Valley, impound the exquisitely clean Swift River, and send it flowing eastward through a network of natural stone tunnels. The catch? The small farming and industrial communities of the valley, populated by 2,500 living people (and nearly three times as many dead), would be gone forever, residents bought out at Depression-era rates and forced from their ancestral homes and farmsteads without hopes for a job or a future.

 

It was an easy bargain, the state thought. Boston and its suburbs had close to a million residents. Boston boasted large industry, white-collar jobs, tourism, academia, and immigrants flooding into its neighborhoods. The Swift River Valley had… water.  As early as 1895, even as it was building the Wachusett Reservoir in the middle of the state, state politicians and health experts realized the Wachusett would be insufficient and sent engineers out to the valley to test the Swift River for purity. The insular valley residents, perennially suspicious of outsiders, largely refused to believe that their homes and livelihoods would be “taken” for the sake of the big city to the east, but in 1927 the Swift River Act was signed, dooming the valley to a watery grave.

 

Young engineers, recent graduates from MIT and other top technical schools, arrived immediately, embedding themselves in the very communities they had been sent to destroy. During the day they supervised the building of giant rock tunnels and three dams. They rerouted the Swift River’s primeval rock bed to abut the main dam. Geologists, chemists, and sanitary and soil engineers ensured that the structures were sound and the water remained pure.

 

In an initially awkward and tense situation, the engineers shared physical space with the locals, renting houses that soon would be destroyed, shopping at the same businesses and attending the same houses of worship. After hours, these young men replaced those who had left their valley homes for better opportunities; they joined civic organizations, played in jazz bands and on baseball teams, and even married the valley’s young women. They stayed because they had to: The main years of the Quabbin Reservoir’s construction coincided with the hardest years of the Depression. Even if the engineers disagreed with the project’s treatment of their new neighbors, they could not afford to quit and find other work. Local residents sometimes needed jobs so badly that they took work as Quabbin laborers, which must have felt like digging their own graves. The Farewell Ball and the other closing rituals that followed filled both locals and engineers with shared grief; they had bonded as part of a strange “community of necessity.”

 

The valley began flooding in 1939. By 1946 the Quabbin Reservoir had become full enough that its spillway was opened, finally ushering in Boston’s dream of an endless supply of clean, pure water. The area around the reservoir had become a pristine nature area for hiking and fishing. The state had built a beautiful new cemetery nearby where the remains of more than 7,000 valley residents had been reinterred. But the people who had lived in the valley, and had their homes and livelihoods taken from them, were given little recompense. Despite their proximity to the Quabbin, its wonderful water did not flow from their own taps. And many of their descendants still resent the seemingly callous way the state treated the livelihoods and values of those who were displaced.

 

The Quabbin Reservoir is an unusual manmade body of water in that it was designed, and is used, only for drinking water - one of only five of its kind in the US. And the residents of metropolitan Boston are lucky that, even in a changed-climate future, water will remain plentiful; in years of major drought, such as in the mid-1960s, when people could look down into the reservoir and see the old street grids at the bottom, Quabbin has been a stable water supply. Scientific models show that later this century Massachusetts is only supposed to grow wetter, and for now Boston’s population is growing slowly, so communities served by the Quabbin will most likely not suffer the water shortages increasingly common in the American West.

 

Still, the ethical issues remain. The residents of the Swift River Valley were treated poorly by the Massachusetts state government in part because of the strictures of the Great Depression and in part because the old, flinty Yankees who lived there were not culturally attenuated to collective action or protest. At the same time, they were given decades of warning – at least for those who chose to pay attention – about their fate, so they could make the best deals for themselves. The ongoing climate emergency, whether it involves too much or too little water, may force governments to push local residents of drought-stricken or flooded communities into what is now referred to as “managed retreat” – an early version of which had mixed success at the Quabbin.

Richest People in America



If the ‘Richest People in America’ want to take their company away they should, however the company is on the land belonging to the United States, so the country will take your company to court and take the company, you can go elsewhere without your company!


Rank

Name

Net worth in billion US$

Source of wealth

Age

1

Elon Musk

188.6

Tesla, Inc.SpaceX

49

2

Jeff Bezos

187

Amazon

56

3

Bill Gates

129

Microsoft

65

4

Mark Zuckerberg

105

Facebook

36

5

Warren Buffett

87.5

Berkshire Hathaway

90

6

Larry Ellison

77.9

Oracle Corporation

76

7

Steve Ballmer

69

Microsoft

64

8

Larry Page

75.7

Google

47

9

Sergey Brin

65.7

Google

47

10

Alice Walton

62.3

Walmart

70

11

Jim Walton

70.2

Walmart

72

12

Rob Walton

61.8

Walmart

75

13

MacKenzie Scott

57

Amazon

50

14

Michael Bloomberg

55

Bloomberg L.P.

78

15

Charles Koch

45

Koch Industries

84

16

Julia Koch

45

Koch Industries

58

17

Phil Knight

39.2

Nike, Inc.

82

18

Michael Dell

35.6

Dell

55

19

Sheldon Adelson

29.8

Las Vegas Sands

87

20

Jacqueline Mars

29

Mars, Incorporated

80

21

John Franklyn Mars

29

Mars, Incorporated

84

22

Len Blavatnik

25

Access Industries

63

23

Jim Simons

23.5

Renaissance Technologies

82

24

Stephen A. Schwarzman

19.1

Blackstone Group

73

25

Leonard Lauder

17.4

Estée Lauder Companies

83

Saturday, August 7, 2021

David Grann, "Killers Of The Flower Moon"

Journey of the Osage

Killers of the Flower Moon filming expected to begin this spring...

Killers of the Flower Moon: The Osage Murders and the Birth of the FBI

PANEL DISCUSSION: Back in Time: Osage Murders - The Reign of Terror

Back In Time: Osage Murders - Reign of Terror

Monday, August 2, 2021

masks

 let's freak out AI every day


make it and wear it - especially important now

randoms + The Core (1997)

Weird? heard of graphene oxide?  remember black goo? (hint: x-files)


 

Standing Rock Perspective

i told you

i told you
to look around (click older posts)

no people in dark green areas

no people in dark green areas

book 2 of 3

book 2 of 3
"I want for you what you want for me... nothing more, nothing less..."

keeping track

on my "to read" list

let's grow hemp

let's grow hemp

Get it?

Get it?

from the new book FINDING THE INVISIBLES

from the new book FINDING THE INVISIBLES
click to read free ebook

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